Posts tagged ‘Reasonable Care’

If you have discovered that you have underpaid VAT  to HM Revenue & Customs and are concerned what action you should take, read on. 

When did the error occur?

TaxHMRC are now able to look back at the previous four years records should they chose to carry out an inspection whereas previously they were only able to look at the previous three years.

The extra year is not all bad news it also means should you have made an error in your favour you now have an extra year to rectify it.

Declaring errors

For accounting errors beginning on or after 1 July 2008, businesses can adjust past errors on the next VAT return they submit providing the error is less than £10,000 or one per cent of the Box 6 turnover figure up to a maximum of £50,000. Any errors above these amounts must be notified to HMRC on a separate form.

Penalty charge noticePenalties

A new penalty system was introduced for VAT returns due to be submitted after 1 April 2009.  Penalties are now charged based on a percentage of the VAT payable.

If an error has been made but reasonable care has been taken then no penalty is applicable, but deliberate or concealed errors are dealt with more seriously and can attract a penalty equal to 200% of the VAT undeclared.

Honesty is always the best policy

Should you have made a mistake and are likely to incur a penalty then honesty is your best policy, as this can lead to a reduction in the penalty charged. But beware if you have already been notified of a visit by HMRC voluntary disclosure before they carry out their inspection will not reduce your penalty.

Evading VAT registration

Failing to register your business for VAT when it should have been can be costly.  Now that HM Revenue & Customs  manage direct and indirect taxes it is easy for them carry out checks with regards to business turnover.

The annual registration limit increased to £70,000 from 1 April 2010.

And finally,

Don’t forget, all new businesses and those with a turnover over £100,000 must now submit their VAT Return electronically. If you have not already registered make sure you do as soon as possible. Do not leave it until the day your return is due it will be too late. For more information click here


The information provided in this blog illustrates my opinions and experiences, it does not constitute advice and I do not accept responsibility for any actions taken or refrained from as a result of reading this post.


When a member of the public pledges their support they rightly expect their donation to be utilised in an efficient manner which will create the most impact for the cause.

j0399181It is the responsibility of those charged with governance (trustees, directors, board members etc) to deliver this by acting with integrity, financial prudence, reasonable care and skill to ensure the organisation is managed effectively. 

When reviewing the expenses of an organisation, it is difficult to ignore the costs of professional advice.  I strongly believe that all managers of organisations whether achieving profits or not, need counsel. It would be foolish to believe that governors have the time, expertise and experience to deal with all aspects of the operation.

To ensure the best value from key professionals, I recommend an audit of costs every two or three years.  I am not advocating that advisers are changed this regularly as this in itself could prove to be inefficient, but a review and perhaps a tendering process is required to confirm the governors are taking adequate care over how they spend valuable resources.

Since for most third sector organisations an independent examiner or an auditor is a requirement and I myself am an accountant, I will focus on this profession.

The role of an accountant has changed

j0341589Long gone are the days when accountants were merely ‘bean counters’ or ‘tax calculators’.  The needs of businesses in general have changed and accountants have had to morph in to business advisers; budget, productivity and risk managers and strategic board members amongst other things.  Softer skills such as communication, team leadership and to some extent client coaching have become just as important, so if your accountant simply regurgitates the bookkeeping rather than providing constructive advice, you are being sold short; they have a lot more to offer you and your organisation.

Choosing an accounting professional

Providing services to not-for-profit organisations takes expertise as the sector has specific accounting requirements as well as a different type environment in terms of targets, principles, reporting and management needs.  Often the people working within this sector do so for low or no monetary reward and do not necessarily have the same skills of someone who has been involved in a corporate environment.  Therefore the level of support and the approach taken to professional advice should be different.

CBR002975Obviously it is essential that you can get on with your chosen accountant as you need to be able to trust and confide in them, so take the time to interview them and look at their website and publications.  Ask them to explain how their firm operates, what type of clients they service, who would create the team that would service you and what ideas they have for adding value to your organisation.

Ensuring your choice of accountant is competent is imperative to getting best value for accounting or audit services and the advice you need to operate effectively and implement your strategic vision.

Members of the main accounting bodies such as ICAEW and ACCA undergo rigorous examinations and must demonstrate many years practical experience before they are licensed to offer services.  They also must submit a detailed log of ‘Continued Professional Development’ to satisfy their supervisory body that they remain competent.

Less than 700 accountants in the UK currently hold a diploma in Charity Accounting.  To be honoured with the letters DChA by the ICAEW is an achievement I am very proud of. 

Both the ACCA and ICAEW maintain registers of licensed members, but do not be ashamed to ask for proof of qualifications and experience.  If you are still unsure, request references from their satisfied clients in your sector.

The right price for good quality services

money pigIt would be naïve to think that you always get what you pay for, so to make sure you are paying a ‘fair’ value for the services you are receiving you need to

(i)  Research appropriate firms in your region using websites, other professional recommendations and personal contacts.

(ii)  Be open about the scope of the work involved and your expectations and invite other tenders for comparison.

(iii) Ensure the firm you are using are the right size and have the right type of staff to service you properly.  Using a big name firm may provide kudos, but are you getting irregular contact from a newly qualified because you can not afford an experienced decision maker.

(iv) Make sure you read the terms of engagement carefully, this is your contract with them

(v)  Most accountants operate on an hourly fee, but this does not preclude you from knowing the rates involved or requesting a quotation.  Some accountants are happy to provide a fixed annual fee.

(vi) Ask whether there are any internal systems that should be improved to ensure that their time is used effectively.  Good quality management information and supervisory controls can save an auditor a significant amount of time.

(vii) Make sure their fee notes clearly define what you are being charged for and make sure you discuss these on a regular basis.

(viii) Do not avoid contacting your accountant for fear of incurring charges.  Regular communication is an essential part of making both your job and that of your accountant as efficient and effective as it can be.

GH_logo_notag compressedFor further advice or to discuss your accounting needs, contact Toni Hunter FCCA DChA at George Hay Chartered Accountants on 01480 426500

George Hay are registered to carry on audit work and regulated for a range of investment business activities by The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. George Hay are members of the UK200 group of professionals. 

The information provided in this blog illustrates my opinions and experiences, it does not constitute advice and I do not accept responsibility for any actions taken or refrained from as a result of reading this post